James Wyatt (1746-1813), Heaton Hall, (1772), Greater Manchester, UK. 

Rosalind Krauss, ‘Notes On The Index: Seventies Art In America. Part 2’, October 4: 58 (1977). 

The Burra Charter: The Australia ICOMOS Charter for Places of Cultural Significance, (2013).

Hélène Cixous, Coming to Writing and Other Essays, (Cambridge, Mass : Harvard Univ. Press, 1991).

Franco Berardi, The Uprising: On Poetry and Finance, (Semiotexte, 2012). 

Michel de Certeau, The Practice of Everyday Life, (Berkeley : University of California Press, 1984).

Berger, John (1984/2005) And Our Faces, My Heart, Brief as Photos. London: Bloomsbury.

Cixous, Hèléne (2004) Enter the Theatre. In: Prenowitz, E. (Ed.), Selected Plays of Hélène Cixous. London & New York, NY: Routledge, pp. 25–34. 

Gilman, Charlotte Perkins (1892/1989). The Yellow Wallpaper and Other Writings. New York, NY: Bentam books. 

All writing by Marguerite Duras, Hélène Cixous, Clarice Lispector. 

Henry James Portrait of a Lady
Read one way, a proto-feminist tragedy. Read another, an acutely observed suite of vignettes about bodies, precisely positioned in spaces, that tell their tale without anyone having to say a word.

Jorge Luis Borges Labyrinths
A wonderful pastiche of scholarly writing that points up the absurdity of its model. Or just a book of compelling stories about spaces and how we know them.

Mario Praz, An illustrated History of Interior Decoration
A camp classic, and the best philosophical writing about cushions and curtains there is.

Jane Rendell, SILVER (Hobart: A Published Event, 2017). 96pp., 32 illustrations.

Valérie Anex, Ghost Estates (photography series, 2011).

Rebecca Solnit, The Encyclopaedia of Trouble and Spaciousness (Dublin: Trinity University Press, 2014). 

Adriana Cavarero, Relating Narratives. Storytelling and Selfhood, Routledge 2000. 

Rem Koolhaas, Fundamentals: 14. Mostra Internazionale di Architettura. La Biennale di Venezia, Marsilio, 2014.

Caroline Bergvall, ECLAT. tour of a house, tour in a book, Institution of Rot, London 1994 [].

The hotels of Argyle Street, King’s Cross 

London Good Morning, Midnight (1939), a novel by Jean Rhys 

A Ghost Story (2017), a film directed by David Lowery

Katerina Bonnevier, Behind Straight Curtains: Towards a Queer Feminist Theory of Architecture (Akademisk avhandling, 2007).

Jennifer Bloomer, ‘Big Jugs’, 1991 in Jane Rendell, Barbara Penner and Iain Borden, Gender Space Architecture: An Interdisciplinary Introduction (London: Routledge, 2000) 371–384.

Mieke Bal, Louise Bourgeois’ Spider: the architecture of art-writing (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 2001).

Novel: Charlotte Brontë, Shirley. ed. J Cox (St Ives, Penguin classics, 2006). 

Fanzine: Laura Oldfield Ford, Savage Messiah (London, Verso, 2011). 

Exhibition: ‘The Colours of India’, London Quilters Exhibition (Swiss Cottage Library, 06 March-15 April 2017).

MUF, Making Space in Dalston maps (2009), London,

Gort Scott Architects, High Street London drawings (2009-2010), London,

Ed Ruscha, Every Building on the Sunset Strip (1966), LA. 

Italo Calvino, The Literature Machine: Essays, (London: Vintage, 1997).

Nicholas Rougeux:

Peter Greenaway, The Cook, the Thief, his Wife, and her Lover (1989)

Rainer Maria Rilke. Les Fenêtres. Dix poèmes de Rainer Maria Rilke illustrés de dix eaux-fortes par Baladine. (Paris, Officina Sanctandreana, 1927), a cycle of 10 poems on windows, seen as both separating and uniting the interior and exterior, life and death. 

Windows (1974), directed by Peter Greenaway, a film about people who died falling out of windows. 

Diana Fuss, The Sense of an Interior: Four Writers and the Rooms that Shaped Them (New York: Routledge, 2004) , a book about the interior life of four authors living with disabilities, seen through the architectural interiors where they lived. 

Kundera, Milan. 2009. The Unbearable Lightness of Being. France: Harper Pernnial Modern Classics.

Armand, Avianti. 2012. Arsitektur Yang Lain, Sebuah Kritik Arsitektur. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka. 

Ware, Chris. 2012. Building Stories. New York: Pantheon Books

Judith Butler (2001). What is Critique? An essay on Foucault’s Virtue, 

Catherine Belsey, Critical Practice (London: Routledge, 2002)

Janet Wolff, The Social Production of Art (London: Macmillan, 1993)

Architecture: Berthold Lubetkin (1901-1990), and Tecton Group 1934, The Penguin Pool at London Zoo, London, England. Reinforced concrete. 

Film: László Moholy-Nagy, film, ‘The New Architecture of the London Zoo’, 1936, 16mm, b&w, silent/1S/ 15’30” 

Book: Rosi Braidotti, (2006), Transpositions: On Nomadic Ethics, (Polity Press, Cambridge and Malden MA.)

Book: Italo Calvino, The Castle of Crossed Destinies, (London: Vintage, 1998)

Krista Woodley, Let the Data Sing: Representing Discourse in Poetic Form, History, Vol. 32, No. 1, Poetry and Power (Spring, 2004), pp. 49-58

Richard Candida Smith (eds)(2006) Text and Image: Art and the Performance of Memory (New Brunswick N.J: Transaction. 

Eva Hayward (2010) Spider city sex, Women & Performance: a journal of feminist theory, 20:3, 225-251 

The poetry of Anna Achmatova, T.S. Eliot and Rainer Maria Rilke

The sculptures of Doris Salcedo, Susan Hiller and Cornelia Parker

The writings of Karen Barad, George Elliot, Laura Harris, Luce Irigaray, Erin Manning, Doreen Massey, Brian Massumi, Jane Rendell, PA Skantze and Ali Smith.

Book Of Days, Linda France, 2009 

Westpark development, poetry installations by W.N. Herbert, 2004 

Chris Jones, River Don installation, 2007 

The Museum of Jurassic Technology, Culver City, California.

Brian Catling, ‘Written Rooms and Pencilled Crimes’ in Catling, Brian, Fisher, and Griffiths, Future Exiles: three London poets (London: Palladian, 1992).

Susan Hiller, From The Freud Museum, (1991-1996).

Alvar Aalto / Finnish architecture and design
The work of Finnish architect Alvar Aalto, for its combination of international modern architecture and local sensitivity. Also less known Finnish architects are of interest, such as Pietelä (expressive, unconventional public buildings) and Juha Leiviskä (strong rhythmic quality and play of light, see also my description in OASE#91). Finnish architect and theorist Juhani Pallasmaa has been a mentor of my work, he was one of the supervisors of my PhD, and we worked together on several occasions. I studied in Finland in 1998 and since remained a frequent visitor. In 2015-17, I was visiting professor of architectural design at the University of Tampere.

Literature: magic realism
I find great inspiration in literary descriptions of places, especially in magic realistic literature in which facts and fiction merge. For instance, the work of Gabriel Garçía Márquez depicting life in cities and villages in Colombia, Hubert Lampo’s descriptions of Belgian urban areas, or the recent novel Malva by Dutch writer Hagar Peeters about the physically and mentally impaired, disowned daughter of Chilean poet Pablo Neruda.

Poetic landscapes.
Poetic impressions of landscapes in poetry and painting. For instance the thin Dutch horizons in the work of painter Jan Mankes; the South American, Spanish and Dutch landscapes in the poems of Fleur Bourgonje; the meadows of Groningen in the work of poet Rutger Kopland.

Max Porter, Grief is the Thing with Feathers, London, 2015.

David Abram, The Spell of the Sensuous: Perception and Language in a More-Than-Human World, New York, 1996.

Gaston Bachelard, The Poetics of Space, Paris, 1958.

John Outram, ‘London as a Mythological Landscape’. Lecture, Public Lecture series from the Architectural Association, London, August 8, 1991. (available: )

Barbara Maria Stafford, Visual Analogy: Consciousness as the Art of Connecting (Cambridge, Mass. ; London: MIT Press, 1999).

Mark Dion, Archaeology (London: Black Dog, 1999).

Grotowski, J. (1969) [1968] Towards a Poor Theatre, London: Methuen

Tschumi. Bernard (1990) Questions Of Space, London: Architectural Association.

Williams, D.J. (2001) [1953] Hen Dy Ffarm/The Old Farmhouse, trans. Waldo Williams, Llandysul: Gomer.

Oliver Laric, Yuanmingyuan 3D, 2014, KODE Art Museums of Bergen Norway

Hito Steyerl, ‘Is the museum a battlefield?’, lecture at the 13th Istanbul Biennial, 2014

Lito Kattou, Battlespot 1, HD video, 2016

Ed. Ruscha, and Mason Williams, Royal Road Test, (Los Angeles: self-published, 1967).

Georges Perec, Species of Spaces and Other Pieces, ed. John Sturrock (London: Penguin Books Ltd., 1997)

Kaja Marczewska, This is Not a Copy (London: Bloomsbury, 2018)

Karel Capek, War with the Newts (1936)

Paul Nash, ‘Monster Field’, The Architectural Review, October 1940, pp. 120-1

Man Ray, Terrain Vague, 1929

Author: Carl Gustav JungOriginal title: Liber Novus (“The New Book”)
Translators: Mark Kyburz, John Peck, Sonu ShamdasaniPublisher: Philemon Foundation and W. W. Norton & Co.
Publication date: 2009

Author: Walter Benjamin
Source: © 2005 Dennis RedmondAccessed on: May 24, 2019

Author: Gavin Keeney
Accessed on: May 24, 2019

Francis Alÿs, Railings, (2004), London.  On sharing a similar perception of London. I discovered this piece while developing the Phantom Railings. 

Christo & Jeanne-Claude, Wrapped Reichstag, 1971-95, Berlin. On how the absence of an object can be a stronger way to make it present.  

Usman Hacke, Burble, 2006, London. On interaction and collective participation to make an object perform. 

Donald Judd, 15 untitled works in concrete, (1980–84) Marfa, Texas

Sara Ahmed, Queer Phenomenology, London & Durham, 2006.

Virginia Woolf, The Waves, 1931 (read in 1990)

Jennifer Bloomer, Architecture and the Text, 1993 (read in 2000)

Peter Weiss, The Aesthetics of Resistance, 1975 (read in 2015)

Craig Dworkin, No Medium (Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 2013).

Craig Dworkin, Reading the Illegible (Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 2003:

Georges Perec, Species of Spaces and Other Pieces. trans. John Sturrock (London: Penguin Books, 1997).

Derek Gregory, ‘Dream of Liberty?’ in Geographical Imaginations (Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1994) pp. 328–347.

Allan Sekula, Geography Lesson: Canadian Notes /Allan Sekula, with essays by Gary Dufour and John O’Brian (Vancouver; Cambridge, Mass.; London: Vancouver Art Gallery and MIT Press, 1997).

A happening by Allan Kaprow, Baggage (1972 – 2007/08) reinvented by Otobong Nkanga


This essay continues on a project initiated by “Inside the cave, outside the discipline” in Suzanne Ewing et. al. (eds.) Architecture and Field/Work (London: Routledge, 2010). 

Significant sources, besides my own curiosity in the spatiality of pre-historic cultures, are Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia, trans. B. Massumi (London and New York: Continuum, (2004) [1980]); Catherine Malabou’s What Should We Do with Our Brain? trans. S. Rand (New York: Fordham University Press, 2008) and Ontology of the Accident: an Essay on Destructive Plasticity, trans. C. Shread (Cambridge & Malden: Polity Press, 2012). 

A further inspiration for my weaving together philosophy, theory and on-site observations is the work of AbdouMaliq Simone.

Billy-Ray Belcourt, ‘Animal Bodies, Colonial Subjects: (Re)Locating Animality in Decolonial Thought’, Societies 5, (1) (2015): 1—11.

Donna J. Haraway, When Species Meet (Minneapolis, Minn.: University of Minnesota Press, 2008).

Jane Rendell, Site-Writing: The Architecture of Art Criticism,( London: I. B. Tauris, 2010).

Walter Benjamin, The Arcades Project (trans. Howard Eiland and Kevin McLaughlin), (Harvard University Press, 2002)

Gloria Anzaldúa, Borderlands/La Frontera: The New Mestiza, 1987, San Francisco: Aunt Lute.

Ann Hamilton, Whitecloth, 1999, The Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum, Connecticut.

Susan Hiller, The Last Silent Movie, 2007. 

Katie Lloyd Thomas, ‘Building while being in it: notes on drawing ‘otherhow’’ in Doina Petrescu, (ed.) Altering Practices: Feminist Politics and Poetics of Space (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), pp. 89-112.

Audre Lorde. ‘The transformation of Silence into Language and Action’ in Audre Lorde, Sister Outsider: essays and speeches, (Crossing Press, 1984).

María Lugones, ‘Towards a Decolonial Feminism,’ Hypatia, v. 5, n. 4. (Fall 2010) pp. 742-759.

Patrick Kieller, Robinson in Space, London (1997)

Georges Perec, Species of Space and Other Pieces (1997)

Elizabeth Diller, Bad Press (1996)

Michael Rakowitz, The Invisible Enemy Should Not Exist (2018) (Art Installation/Site specific)

Shelley Sacks, Project Exchange Values: Images of Invisible Lives (Ongoing project) (Art Research project)

Hello World: Revising a Collection, exhibition, Hamburger Bahnhof – Museum für Gegenwart, Berlin, 2018. (Art Exhibition/Project)

Marcel Duchamp, Tu m’, 1918

Walter Benjamin, Passagenwerk [The Arcades Project] 

Pierre Nora, Lieux de Mémoire, 3 vol., 1984; 1986; 1992 

Mieke Bal, Reading ‘Rembrandt’: Beyond the Word-Image Opposition (New York and Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991).

John Berger, Ways of Seeing (London: Penguin, 1972).

Jane Rendell, Site-Writing: The Architecture of Art Criticism (London: I.B. Taurus, 2010).

Bratton, Benjamin H., Dispute Plan to Prevent Future Luxury Constitution (Berlin: Sternberg Press, 2015).

Grosz, Elizabeth, Architecture from the Outside: Essays on Virtual and Real Space (Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press, 2001).

Harney, Stefano, and Moten, Fred, The Undercommons: Fugitive Planning and Black Study (Wivenhoe: Minor Compositions, 2013).

Benjamin, Walter. One-Way Streets and Other Writings. London: Verso, 1992.

Sadler, Simon. The Situationist City. Cambridge: M.I.T. Press, 1998.

Stilgoe, John R. Outside Lies Magic: Regaining History and Awareness in Everyday Places. New York: Walker Publishing Company Inc., 1998.

Jen Bervin, (2017), Silk Poems, Nightboat Books: New York.

Erica Van Horn, (2014) Living Locally, Uniform Books: Axminster

Robert MacFarlane (2013) The Old Ways, Penguin: London

Tan Pin Pin, To Singapore with Love, 2013, Singapore. (Film).

Charles Lim Yi Yong, SEA STATE, 2005 – Present, Singapore (art works)

David Jones, The Anathemata, 1952, London. (Poetry/novel)

Julia Kristeva The Revolution in Poetic Language (Columbia UP 1984).      

Stéphane Mallarmé (1842-1898).     

Independent feminist activism.

Doreen Massey, For Space (London: Sage, 2005).

Doreen Massey, ‘Landscape/space/politics: an essay’ (2011), accessed 8 September 2016.

Dougald Hine, ‘Spelling It Out’, in Jessie Brennan, Re: development (London: Silent Grid, 2016). Accessed 31 May 2020.

Jane Rendell, Art and Architecture: A Place Between, (London: I.B. Tauris, 2006).

Jane Rendell, ‘This Subjunctive Mood of Mine’, in Jessie Brennan, Re: development (London: Silent Grid, 2016). 

Late Spring (1949), dir. Yasujiro Ozu.

Ilya Kaminsky, Deaf Republic, (Faber & Faber: 2019).

Heinrich Böll, Murkes Collected Silences, in The Stories of Heinrich Böll, (Northwestern University Press, 1995).

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